Special

Fashion is subjective and when it regards men, the word subjective tells it all. Men can be really insecure about following trends and the results of putting together “something I like” plus “something my girlfriend likes” plus “something that I’ve heard is really on vogue this season” usually brings questionable results. Also, hearing many voices, can in fact take a man who perceives himself as totally incompetent in the subject of fashion, and it can hinder the development of his own identity, creating a mess of different styles. Another scenario could be, instead, when men have a really high self-esteem and are conscious of being pleasant looking with a fit body (or they are convinced of this even if this might not be exactly true). In this case there are no critics or suggestions that can be heard: the man in question would never ever listen to anyone because he thinks his style is great, perfect, the best you can find. Maybe because he dresses like his friends and the fact of wearing all the same things like uniforms gives him the belief that they are the coolest guys around. The general fact is that, if a man needs to copy what he sees around or just tries to show in a pretty childish way as much skin (and muscles) as possible, it’s because fashion is usually considered a “girl thing”. Fashion is also associated on many occasions to something stupid and shallow with two negative consequences: first, the women who care about their appearances are considered superficial and, second, men’s wardrobes are often manipulated by their mothers and then by their partners with the result that they become totally dependent on women for what concerns dressing. What we wear evolves with the times, it’s linked to different cultures and also to the small community in which we live. It is part of our identity as it tells a lot about who we are in the same way as our gestures, the tone of our voices and our attitudes. So, here is a small guide about fashion trends that people in general hate. If you are a man and you decide to go for these, well, it is your choice; but if you are looking for a partner or you would like to keep the one you are with at the moment, in most of the cases it would be better to avoid this fashion. Let’s repeat it another time: fashion (and taste) are subjective; if you feel self-confident while wearing a bun made of fake hair, it is very possible that people will appreciate your confidence and won’t notice the wig. It is also possible that, if you look like Jason Momoa, one of the Hemsworth brothers, Bradley Cooper etc. etc. you might actually look breathless wearing all the wigs you want. Just take this as general advice for a first date, for a job interview, for a formal occasion. 1.The “hipster” beard Not so much on vogue anymore, fortunately. The thick and long beard which sometimes used to be accompanied by a handlebar mustache, was often and reasonably associated with the hipsters. Beyond its length and thickness, this kind of beard had a well refined shape with not even one hair out of place. Some men used to take vitamin B6 supplements to make it grow faster and stronger and the weirdest part is that they probably also purchased all the merchandise like conditioners and oils to make it soft and shiny. Last but not least, research has demonstrated that long beards hold lots of bacteria (in case crumbs and small pieces of food are not disgusting enough) and the woman who plants her face into her lover’s beard could actually get less bacteria by kissing a dog. 2. Cargo pants The reasons of this fad that many people seem to have is not very clear. Presumably, the amount of pockets make it difficult to find an object you have put there. In which pocket did I put the keys? I can’t find them, maybe I left them at home? No, here they are just on my right knee. Women don’t like cargo pants either. The articulated shape of these pants obviously doesn’t look good on every body. But as some men look great with the beard, some men may wear cargo pants really well: as already said, it’s a matter of confidence. 3.Deep neck t-shirt If a woman with a large neckline is considered vulgar and attention seeking because she wants to show her graces, why should a man be seen differently? Men wearing t-shirts with a deep neck and in many cases really tight, want to show their hard pectorals, abdominals and well-toned arms. If you have a nice body and muscles, this will be noticeable anyway by wearing more sober clothes and leaving something to the imagination is never a bad thing. In the opposite case, in which a man wouldn’t be well-toned but heavy, with an overflowing belly, well… the courage is to appreciate, but it’s still a no. 4. Sagging pants (with your bottom out) This way of wearing pants started in jails: it was a signal that a man was giving to the other inmates to let them know that he was available for sex. This style was adopted by many youngsters for skateboarding, hip-hop dances or for some freestyle rap. The odd thing about this trend is that the pants must stand still and tight under the bottom so they can limit the movement and, in some cases, they can fall down. In fact, while some boys leave just half of their booties peeking out of the pants, some others slide the pants completely down. The result is antiaesthetic: people are forced to see all their underwear and, in a case of sudden movements, they can see more than a pair of shorts. The results are exhilarating because everyone finds the hairy booty of a man who is not conscious of what is happening quite funny. The cons are obviously more that the pros, so unless you are thirteen or less, put a belt on your trousers or buy a tighter pair.
When it is about fashion, some men like to maintain a low profile and to opt for evergreen classics. The trends changed a lot until today and the concepts of “menswear” and “classics” themselves are quite different compared to the past. When did the concept of classic men’s trend start comprising a broader range of styles and items? A lot of time ago. We could say this happened when the punk counterculture reached the most prestigious catwalks and the boutiques all over the world. Or, even earlier, with the iconic hippie movement? Influences of this style are still regularly present in the collections of many designers. What about, instead, of the dressing code of the beat generation? Jack Kerouac is the most famous name inside this movement but the poet Allen Ginsberg is reminded for his style and he’s also considered by many as a precursor of the hippie culture (and fashion). Then, in 1994, for the first time we read the term “metrosexual” and that was another milestone in men’s fashion. For those who perhaps have missed it, a metrosexual is a heterosexual man who spends time and energies in grooming and shopping, who takes care of his appearance even though this could be considered a way of doing proper of gay men (yes, this sounds undoubtedly discriminating but we just report the definition. Also, don’t forget that we’re talking about ‘90s and many things have luckily changed). Anyway, discriminating or not, metrosexuality was a sign that the relationship between men and fashion was going through a metamorphosis: following the trends was not defining anymore your sexual orientation and everyone became free of creating their outfits the way they wanted. Being dressed in an unusual way was not considered “unusual” anymore, so the variety of trends was enlarged. As time went on, men’s fashion was subject of further transformations: feminine pieces of clothing have been taken and restyled to be worn by men. Today, things are even more different: after a mutual exchanging of womenswear with menswear (that, anyway, is much more scandalous when the men borrow clothes from the women and not vice versa), we landed on the soil of gender fluid. How this is influencing men’s fashion? The answer is simple: we deny fashion made for men and fashion made for women. In fact, being fluid means going where we want, going for shopping following our emotions and buying what makes us feeling comfortable, confident, and what gives us a personal touch to make our style unique. We also follow the hype and wait impatiently for the drop of a limited edition collection to grab pieces made for a few lucky people. Wrapping up all these notion about the history of fashion, what we could identify as trends that never go out of fashion? It is strictly personal and so hard to define, but with these tips you certainly can’t ever get wrong. 1.Sandals Starting with the more difficult themes, we know some men could find it hard to accept. But why leave just to the women the privilege of getting some air on their feet during the summer heat? Come on, there’s no need to wear socks in every season, and what about loafers? They leave a bit more of freedom to your feet but the inside, if carried with no socks, will become sweaty and sticky quickly when the weather is hot. Ew! Sandals are just the best option. The classics in this case are the worldwide famous models by Birkenstock. There are three iconic types that you surely know: the two stripe sandals, the flip-flops, the clogs. You can find these made by many brands, in different fabrics and prices. 2. Korean collar shirts This kind of shirt is suitable for a casual outfit but also to give a peculiar twist to a formal look. It sets you free from the choice of a tie or a bow tie and it never goes out of fashion. 3. Denim jacket It’s always stylish and you can wear it on t-shirts, shirts, hoodies… Everything! Just be sure of matching the same shade of denim jeans or trousers of a different colour. You can then choose sneakers to make the look casual, boots to make it more vintage, or else, elegant shoes with laces. You can never get wrong. 4. Combat boots Dr. Martens brand was born in 1961, it’s alive and kicking. There must be a reason! As for the denim jacket, you can fit this type of shoes to different looks. You can wear them without shoelaces and messy or tied up. You can as well find them in different colours and with patterns. They are resistant to bad weather, also to snow. 5. Suits Here we come to the end with the biggest classic symbol of elegance. Suits change following the trends, but not so much. If you often wear suits, you will surely have many kinds with different colours and fits. If you wear them rarely, only for important occasions, you should choose a black one or, daring a bit more, grey or navy. You could then match them with shirts, ties and various accessories of different colours to change something every time and make your suit looking like is always a new one.
Men wonder what to wear sometimes as much as women do. Maybe even more, if the occasion requires a certain reasoning about their outfits: first dates, weddings, family events, birthdays and so on. Some men are also reluctant in going shopping as they don’t really know what they want or if what they are buying is the right thing: “Is it too extreme? Too colourful? Too shabby?” Some men just avoid the experience of choosing and they wear always the same things and rarely renew their wardrobes. That’s a pity! The menswear universe is various almost as much as the womenswear one and literally everyone can find the style that is more suitable for their bodies, their self-confidence, their important and less important occasions. Some men like to opt for a quite classic style and, when is  about a formal occasions, we cannot disagree with this. Maybe, if they feel like doing it, they could simply give a small refresh to their old looks with new intriguing pieces, just not to wear always the same boring black or navy suits to every wedding they are invited . As said, the choice for men nowadays is more than wide, due to the flourishing market of fashion. New designers, new designs, new brands, fast fashion, online shopping, outlets. The great thing is that in many cases you can find good prices, online and offline, and being super classy without spending a fortune. In case you still have some doubts about what to wear, well, you are obviously free to be comfortable and super casual in your spare time (and, to tell it all, a man who dress excessively elegant just to go and grab a coffee might not be the best thing the world). There are the right moments to dress well and make an impression. Here you can find a list of some stylish statement pieces that you might want resort to, while you are deciding between the black or the navy suit for your cousin’s wedding but you feel a bit more daring. Or maybe you have a first date with your eternal crush or Tinder match or a blind date organized by a friends  of yours and you are panicking because you are meeting her/him in a nice restaurant and not at the local pub? Well: here they are. 1.Tricot tie It is better to wear this piece in the summer and during the day, never in the night. The reason is that this tie contributes to maintain a certain aura of elegance but, at the same time, it looks more relaxed, casual-chic and “sporty” (if wearing suit and tie can be considered “sporty”, that is another thing to discuss about). You can also wear it, instead that with a full suit, with jacket and pants of different colours and fabric. You can find this kind of tie in different wefts and, following the good manners, you should adapt the width of the tie to the one of the jacket’s revers. If the revers are large and leave a big space to the shirt underneath, the tie will be large as well: if the revers are tight, indeed, the tie must be tight, like a small strip. A tip for this kind of tie is that, once you take it off, you don’t have to hang it because the fabric can be pulled down by the gravity and become deformed. It is much better to wrap in in a spiral and put on a box or hold on a horizontal plan. 2. Coloured suit Do you feel like using more colours? This is a trend recently came back on catwalks. Is not a choice shared by anyone: just have a look to the last collections of Saint Laurent Paris to find out the huge amount of black and neutral colours proposed. But it is also very true that Anthony Vaccarello does much more experiments with unusual shapes and different styles. We suggest, instead, to find a classic fit suit but in a colour slightly different from the one you always wear. It can be powder blue, light blue, burgundy, dark green, sand color and, if you really want to dare, dark orange or mustard colour. You will be the star of the event and people around you will appreciate you change. Promised. 3. Sunglasses In this case, searching for sunnies in fast fashion chains it is definitely not recommended: you will have to spend more, but good sunglasses last many years and you won’t need to buy them too often. Some cheap sunglasses are made in plastic or in materials that don’t really protect the eyes but, instead, can damage them more. In fact, the dark lenses make the pupils to enlarge but, if the material is not good, your eyes will get all the harmful sun rays while they are wide open! So, just make this investment: you can choose between a huge variety of designs, but we suggest to opt for a timeless shape and neutral colours that will allow you to wear your sunnies with (almost) everything. We discourage you to choose an excessively coloured frame like red, blue etc. etc. because, come on, is not what a gentleman would wear. Just opt for black, brown or the dark green of the classic Ray-Ban Aviator. The frame can be in metal, silver or golden, or tortoiseshell. Don’t fall for the latest model on the market, it could fall out fashion quickly: stay classic. The latest tip: remember to take your sunglasses off when you are in closed spaces like restaurants, churchs  (unless you’re there for a funeral), bars and similar, night clubs, museums.
Fashion is subjective and when it regards men, the word subjective tells it all. Men can be really insecure about following trends and the results of putting together “something I like” plus “something my girlfriend likes” plus “something that I’ve heard is really on vogue this season” usually brings questionable results. Also, hearing many voices, can in fact take a man who perceives himself as totally incompetent in the subject of fashion, and it can hinder the development of his own identity, creating a mess of different styles. Another scenario could be, instead, when men have a really high self-esteem and are conscious of being pleasant looking with a fit body (or they are convinced of this even if this might not be exactly true). In this case there are no critics or suggestions that can be heard: the man in question would never ever listen to anyone because he thinks his style is great, perfect, the best you can find. Maybe because he dresses like his friends and the fact of wearing all the same things like uniforms gives him the belief that they are the coolest guys around. The general fact is that, if a man needs to copy what he sees around or just tries to show in a pretty childish way as much skin (and muscles) as possible, it’s because fashion is usually considered a “girl thing”. Fashion is also associated on many occasions to something stupid and shallow with two negative consequences: first, the women who care about their appearances are considered superficial and, second, men’s wardrobes are often manipulated by their mothers and then by their partners with the result that they become totally dependent on women for what concerns dressing. What we wear evolves with the times, it’s linked to different cultures and also to the small community in which we live. It is part of our identity as it tells a lot about who we are in the same way as our gestures, the tone of our voices and our attitudes. So, here is a small guide about fashion trends that people in general hate. If you are a man and you decide to go for these, well, it is your choice; but if you are looking for a partner or you would like to keep the one you are with at the moment, in most of the cases it would be better to avoid this fashion. Let’s repeat it another time: fashion (and taste) are subjective; if you feel self-confident while wearing a bun made of fake hair, it is very possible that people will appreciate your confidence and won’t notice the wig. It is also possible that, if you look like Jason Momoa, one of the Hemsworth brothers, Bradley Cooper etc. etc. you might actually look breathless wearing all the wigs you want. Just take this as general advice for a first date, for a job interview, for a formal occasion. 1.The “hipster” beard Not so much on vogue anymore, fortunately. The thick and long beard which sometimes used to be accompanied by a handlebar mustache, was often and reasonably associated with the hipsters. Beyond its length and thickness, this kind of beard had a well refined shape with not even one hair out of place. Some men used to take vitamin B6 supplements to make it grow faster and stronger and the weirdest part is that they probably also purchased all the merchandise like conditioners and oils to make it soft and shiny. Last but not least, research has demonstrated that long beards hold lots of bacteria (in case crumbs and small pieces of food are not disgusting enough) and the woman who plants her face into her lover’s beard could actually get less bacteria by kissing a dog. 2. Cargo pants The reasons of this fad that many people seem to have is not very clear. Presumably, the amount of pockets make it difficult to find an object you have put there. In which pocket did I put the keys? I can’t find them, maybe I left them at home? No, here they are just on my right knee. Women don’t like cargo pants either. The articulated shape of these pants obviously doesn’t look good on every body. But as some men look great with the beard, some men may wear cargo pants really well: as already said, it’s a matter of confidence. 3.Deep neck t-shirt If a woman with a large neckline is considered vulgar and attention seeking because she wants to show her graces, why should a man be seen differently? Men wearing t-shirts with a deep neck and in many cases really tight, want to show their hard pectorals, abdominals and well-toned arms. If you have a nice body and muscles, this will be noticeable anyway by wearing more sober clothes and leaving something to the imagination is never a bad thing. In the opposite case, in which a man wouldn’t be well-toned but heavy, with an overflowing belly, well… the courage is to appreciate, but it’s still a no. 4. Sagging pants (with your bottom out) This way of wearing pants started in jails: it was a signal that a man was giving to the other inmates to let them know that he was available for sex. This style was adopted by many youngsters for skateboarding, hip-hop dances or for some freestyle rap. The odd thing about this trend is that the pants must stand still and tight under the bottom so they can limit the movement and, in some cases, they can fall down. In fact, while some boys leave just half of their booties peeking out of the pants, some others slide the pants completely down. The result is antiaesthetic: people are forced to see all their underwear and, in a case of sudden movements, they can see more than a pair of shorts. The results are exhilarating because everyone finds the hairy booty of a man who is not conscious of what is happening quite funny. The cons are obviously more that the pros, so unless you are thirteen or less, put a belt on your trousers or buy a tighter pair.
When it is about fashion, some men like to maintain a low profile and to opt for evergreen classics. The trends changed a lot until today and the concepts of “menswear” and “classics” themselves are quite different compared to the past. When did the concept of classic men’s trend start comprising a broader range of styles and items? A lot of time ago. We could say this happened when the punk counterculture reached the most prestigious catwalks and the boutiques all over the world. Or, even earlier, with the iconic hippie movement? Influences of this style are still regularly present in the collections of many designers. What about, instead, of the dressing code of the beat generation? Jack Kerouac is the most famous name inside this movement but the poet Allen Ginsberg is reminded for his style and he’s also considered by many as a precursor of the hippie culture (and fashion). Then, in 1994, for the first time we read the term “metrosexual” and that was another milestone in men’s fashion. For those who perhaps have missed it, a metrosexual is a heterosexual man who spends time and energies in grooming and shopping, who takes care of his appearance even though this could be considered a way of doing proper of gay men (yes, this sounds undoubtedly discriminating but we just report the definition. Also, don’t forget that we’re talking about ‘90s and many things have luckily changed). Anyway, discriminating or not, metrosexuality was a sign that the relationship between men and fashion was going through a metamorphosis: following the trends was not defining anymore your sexual orientation and everyone became free of creating their outfits the way they wanted. Being dressed in an unusual way was not considered “unusual” anymore, so the variety of trends was enlarged. As time went on, men’s fashion was subject of further transformations: feminine pieces of clothing have been taken and restyled to be worn by men. Today, things are even more different: after a mutual exchanging of womenswear with menswear (that, anyway, is much more scandalous when the men borrow clothes from the women and not vice versa), we landed on the soil of gender fluid. How this is influencing men’s fashion? The answer is simple: we deny fashion made for men and fashion made for women. In fact, being fluid means going where we want, going for shopping following our emotions and buying what makes us feeling comfortable, confident, and what gives us a personal touch to make our style unique. We also follow the hype and wait impatiently for the drop of a limited edition collection to grab pieces made for a few lucky people. Wrapping up all these notion about the history of fashion, what we could identify as trends that never go out of fashion? It is strictly personal and so hard to define, but with these tips you certainly can’t ever get wrong. 1.Sandals Starting with the more difficult themes, we know some men could find it hard to accept. But why leave just to the women the privilege of getting some air on their feet during the summer heat? Come on, there’s no need to wear socks in every season, and what about loafers? They leave a bit more of freedom to your feet but the inside, if carried with no socks, will become sweaty and sticky quickly when the weather is hot. Ew! Sandals are just the best option. The classics in this case are the worldwide famous models by Birkenstock. There are three iconic types that you surely know: the two stripe sandals, the flip-flops, the clogs. You can find these made by many brands, in different fabrics and prices. 2. Korean collar shirts This kind of shirt is suitable for a casual outfit but also to give a peculiar twist to a formal look. It sets you free from the choice of a tie or a bow tie and it never goes out of fashion. 3. Denim jacket It’s always stylish and you can wear it on t-shirts, shirts, hoodies… Everything! Just be sure of matching the same shade of denim jeans or trousers of a different colour. You can then choose sneakers to make the look casual, boots to make it more vintage, or else, elegant shoes with laces. You can never get wrong. 4. Combat boots Dr. Martens brand was born in 1961, it’s alive and kicking. There must be a reason! As for the denim jacket, you can fit this type of shoes to different looks. You can wear them without shoelaces and messy or tied up. You can as well find them in different colours and with patterns. They are resistant to bad weather, also to snow. 5. Suits Here we come to the end with the biggest classic symbol of elegance. Suits change following the trends, but not so much. If you often wear suits, you will surely have many kinds with different colours and fits. If you wear them rarely, only for important occasions, you should choose a black one or, daring a bit more, grey or navy. You could then match them with shirts, ties and various accessories of different colours to change something every time and make your suit looking like is always a new one.
Morbid fascination is an intrinsic part of the human condition. It could be argued that it is this curiosity that heightens our sense of suspicion and prudence, and serves to make us more vigilant in dubious situations. As a result of this proclivity, vicious evil doers, like Ted Bundy and Charles Manson, have found their way into the collective psyche, and everybody knows their names, and are familiar with their crimes. A 2014 study estimated that, at any given time, there are between 25 and 50 active serial killers in operation in the United States. Serial killers seem to be as much a part of our society as the law makers, and the peace keepers are. With this in mind, who, aside from the Bundys’ and Mansons’ are you aware of? If you are interested in whetting your macabre appetite, read on. We have compiled a list of some of the most barbarous, perverse and brutal serial killers ever caught, but who failed to achieve the infamy of the aforementioned psychos and sociopaths. Be warned, what you are about to read is both 100% true and 100% unsettling. Readers should continue on with caution, this is not for the faint of heart, and definitely not for younger readers. Robert ‘Willy’ Pickton Canadian serial killer Robert Pickton is described as being one of the worst serial killers in the world. He was a pig farmer based in Port Coquitlam, in British Columbia, and his crimes are known as The Pig Farm Murders. Outwardly quiet and introverted, Pickton was harborouing a terrible and savage secret. By the time of his arrest in 2002 he had viciously butchered 49 women on his farm, before grounding their remains into mince, at a meat rendering plant. Most of it was fed to his pigs, however, he sold some of it for human consumption. The depraved killer was arrested in 2002, after items belonging to a number of missing women were found on his farm. Officers made the discovery after a chance visit to the farm, in search of illegal firearms. Following his arrest, DNA of at least 26 women who had been reported missing were found at the property. Many of these women were thought to be prostitutes who Pickton had picked up in Vancouver’s Red Light District. It is alleged that he brought them back to his farm to have sex, before brutally murdering them. He unintentionally confessed to the murders after he was put in a cell with an undercover police officer. Irritated at being caught, he complained to his cellmate: “I made my own grave by being sloppy. Doesn’t that just kick you in the ass now. I was just gonna [expletive] do one more, make it even, I wanted one more to make the big 5-0.” Alexander Pichushkin Alexander Pichushkin is a Russian serial killer nicknamed The Chessboard Killer. He was caught in 2007, in Moscow, and convicted of killing 48 people. During the investigation, detectives found a chessboard with dates on all but two of the squares. These dates were connected to the murders Pichushkin had already committed. Pichushkin said he wanted to kill one person for each of the 64 squares on a chessboard, and crossed out a square for every kill, earning him his nickname. At the time, Russian authorities considered reinstating the death penalty, due to the gruesomeness and number of murders. Pichushkin targeted the weak, elderly and hopeless. He would lure his victims to a local park, to reportedly drink with him at his dead dog’s grave. He would then wait until his intended victim was drunk, then he would begin his attack. He would hit them repeatedly with a blunt object until they were dead or lost consciousness.  He would then, often, throw his victims into a sewer pit. On occasion, some of his tragic victims were alive when thrown in, and died from drowning, rather than from blunt force trauma. Over time, Pichushkin’s attacks grew even more savage. He began leaving a broken vodka bottle, protruding from the skulls of some of his victims. He also became more lackadaisical when it came to disposing of the bodies. He left many of them out in the open, without bothering to try to conceal them. Authorities finally caught up with Pichushkin in June 2006, after he murdered a female colleague from his job at a supermarket. She had left a note for her son to tell him that she was taking a walk with Pichushkin. Chillingly, Pichushkin’s confession was aired on Russian television. In it, he went into great detail about his need to kill, he said: “For me, a life without murder is like a life without food for you.” He also later claimed that there were in fact more than 48 murders. He said that he had in fact killed 61 or 63 people, (his story varied), On this he said: “I thought it would be unfair to forget about the other 11 people.” Donald Henry ‘Pee-Wee’ Gaskins Donald Henry Gaskins, known as Pee Wee Gaskins, has gone down in the annals of serial killer history as the most prolific killer South Carolina has ever known. He was executed in 1991 by electric chair, after being convicted of 9 murders, however it is thought that he murdered far more people than that. His own claims bring his death toll to over 100 people, and a litany of other vile and depraved crimes can also be attributed to this seemingly unassuming man. Up until 1968, Gaskins spent most of his life in and out of prison for various crimes, from theft to gang rape. In 1969 he moved to the town of Sumter in South Carolina, and it is here that he would begin his true reign of terror. His first murder in Sumter was a hitchhiker that he picked up, tortured, and murdered, then sunk her body in a local swamp.  In the book he wrote in prison, detailing his life and crimes, he wrote: “All I could think about is how I could do anything I wanted to her.” This woman was the first of many in what Gaskins referred to as his ‘coastal kills’. He would  torture and mutilate his victims, while attempting to keep them alive for as long as possible. He confessed to killing these victims using a variety of methods including stabbing, suffocation, mutilation, and even claimed to have cannibalized some of them. He would go on to confess to over 80 of these types of murders, although none of these claims have ever been corroborated.  Then, in 1970, Gaskins committed the first of his so-called ‘serious murders,  which were people  he knew and killed for personal reasons. Some of these victims included his own niece, Janice Kirby, aged 15, and her friend Patricia Ann Alsbrook, aged 17. He beat both of the girls to death, after attempting to sexually assault them. One of his most shocking murders was that of two of his neighbours, Doreen Dempsey, who was 23 and pregnant, and her two year old daughter. He drove Doreen and her little girl out to a secluded, wooded area, and violently raped, sodomized, and killed both her and her little girl. Gaskins was eventually arrested in 1975, and was found guilty in 1976, and sentenced to death. However, this was later commuted to life in prison when the South Carolina General Assembly’s 1974 ruling on capital punishment was changed to conform to the U.S. Supreme Court guidelines for the death penalty in other states. On September 2, 1982, Gaskins committed another murder. While incarcerated in the high security block at the South Carolina Correctional Institution, Gaskins killed a death row inmate named Rudolph Tyner, he was tried for the Tyner’s murder and sentenced to death. While on death row, Gaskins told his life story to a journalist named Wilton Earle. He claimed to have committed between 100 and 110 murders, however, law enforcement sources found his claims impossible to verify. Patrick Kearney, ‘The Trashbag Killer’ In Los Angeles, in the mid 70’s, Homosexual men were being murdered and dumped in trashbags along the highways between LA and the Mexican border. The investigation centered around Patrick Wayne Kearney, an electronics engineer from LA. Kearney would eventually end his murder spree, when he walked into the Redondo Beach police station, and gave himself up. He plead guilty to killing three men, and was sentenced to life in prison, however, police knew there was much more to Kearney’s story than met the eye. They offered him a no death penalty deal, in exchange for a complete list of victims. Shockingly, it was worse than they had imagined, and Kearney initially confessed to eighteen more killings. He would later admit to a further eleven murders, which would bring his total to 32 killings. Kearney’s first known murder victim was an unidentified 19-year-old man, in 1962. Kearney claimed that he took the young man to a secluded area on his motorcycle, shot him in the head, and proceeded to engage in acts of necrophilia with the man’s corpse. Kearney would mostly pick up male hitchhikers, or homosexual men from gay bars. He would almost always shoot them in the temple, above the ear, with a .22-caliber derringer.  After murdering them, he would take the bodies to a secluded place, and engage in acts of necrophilia, then take them home, where they would be sodomized with X-Acto knives. They were then mutilated, and dismembered with hacksaws. He would dispose of the bodies in various ways, including, dumping them in trash bags, earning him his nick name. He would also leave them out for wild animals to eat, throw them off cliffs into local creeks and would even drain some of the bodies of all their blood, to eliminate odors. Kearney, now 79, continues to serve his life sentence at Mule Creek State Prison, California. Danny Rolling, ‘The Gainesville Ripper’ Known as the Gainesville Ripper, Danny Rolling murdered four University of Florida students and a Santa Fe Community College student in their apartments in 1990. He is known to have decapitated one victim, posed with the bodies, and removed skin and body parts and arranged the murder scenes using props that included broken mirrors. Rolling’s reign of terror began when he broke into the apartment of 17-year-old university freshmen Sonja Larson and Christina Powell. They were found mutilated and stabbed to death. He had raped both women, one after she was dead. The next day, Rolling killed Christa Hoyt, 18. Her body was found propped up, sitting on her bed bent over at the waist. Rolling had sliced off her nipples and left them on the bed next to her, and police discovered that her torso was sliced open, from her chest to her pubic bone. Her severed head perched on a shelf across the room. Two days later, Rolling killed roommates Tracy Paules and Manuel Taboada, both 23. Rolling remained at large until September 8, when he was arrested after a botched robbery in the central Florida town of Ocala. He was later linked by DNA to three more killings in Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1989. He was not charged in the Gainesville slayings until 1992, while serving a life sentence for armed robbery and other crimes. He pleaded guilty to all five murders as the jury was being selected for trial in 1994. He attributed his behavior to abuse by his father, a police officer, and to an evil alter ego. In prison, he drew disturbing pictures and wrote a graphic book, ‘The Making of a Serial Killer’, with a woman who was his fiancée for a time. Rolling was executed by lethal injection at Florida State Prison on October 25, 2006 Arthur John Shawcross Arthur John Shawcross was an American serial killer who was in operation  between 1972 and 1990 around Rochester, New York. Shawcross is known to have killed at least 14 people, as well as being a known cannibal and mutilator. He was also known as, ‘The Genesee River Killer’  and ‘The Rochester Strangler’, all due to how he would carry out his murders and where he would frequently dump the bodies of his victims. In 1967 he was drafted by the US Army at age 21. He served one tour in Vietnam, and loved to brag about the  violent, gruesome atrocities he committed, like raping and cannibalizing children and, according to a police interview: “beheading mama-sans and nailing their heads to trees as a warning to the Vietcong.” After his release and discharge from the army, Shawcross and his second wife would move to Clayton, New York, where Shawcross would terrorize the surrounding counties, until his final arrest. In the Spring of 1972, 10-year-old Jack Owen Blake disappeared after going out to play near the Cloverdale apartments, where Shawcross lived. Shawcross had gone fishing with the boy a few days earlier, but denied knowing where he was. When Jack’s body was eventually found (after Shawcross’s arrest) months later, he had been suffocated, mutilated, and molested. Shawcross would later admit to luring the boy into the woods, forcing him to strip naked and run, before murdering him, and consuming his heart and genitals. Months after Jack’s murder, 8-year-old Karen Ann Hill disappeared, while on a Labor Day vacation with her mother. Her body was found under a bridge near the Black River, and she had been raped, mutilated and strangled. After reports surfaced detailing that Shawcross had been seen with Karen before she disappeared, and he was later seen eating ice cream cones, on the bridge where the body was found, Shawcross was brought in for questioning. After being arrested for both children’s murder, Shawcross confessed, and agreed to reveal the location of Jack’s body, in order to have his charges dropped from homicide to manslaughter. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison, but would only serve 12. Unfortunately, staff and social workers made the call to grant him parole, stating he was: “no longer dangerous”, despite numerous psychiatrists warning that he was a schizoid psychopath. His parole officer would later be quoted as saying: “At the risk of being melodramatic, the writer considers this mant to be possibly the most dangerous individual to be released to this community for many years.” These words would ring tragically true when in 1988, Shawcross began a bloody, depraved murder campaign, that would claim 11 victims. Most were prostitutes and all were strangled and battered to death. They were also posthumously mutilated, and sexually assaulted.  After the last victim’s body was found in January 1990, the police decided not to remove it and instead keep surveillance on the area. Based on a psychological profile that suggested the killer would return to the scene of the crime, police figured this would be the best way to catch their killer. Sure enough, Shawcross was spotted masturbating as he sat in his car, on a bridge over the creek in which the body of his final victim was floating. He was arrested and eventually confessed in custody. In November 1990, Shawcross was tried for 10 murders in Monroe County. He was found guilty and sentenced to 250 years imprisonment. On November 10th, 2008 Shawcross complained to officers about a pain in his leg. He was taken to the Albany Medical Center where he went into cardiac arrest and died that night. Louis Garavito In 1999, Luis Alfredo Garavito Cubillos was arrested in Colombia and he confessed to murdering 140 children. He was charged with killing 172 altogether, but some of the cases are still ongoing. It’s thought he could have been responsible for hundreds more deaths, with the number potentially estimated as being higher than 400.  Better known as “La Bestia” or “The Beast”, Luis Alfredo Garavito Cubillos was one of the most ruthless serial killers of all time. Garavito’s victims were poor children, peasant children, or street children, between the ages of 6 and 16. He would  approach them on the street or countryside and offer them gifts or small amounts of money.  Once he had gained their trust, he would take them for a walk, and as soon as they began to get tired, he would pounce. He would rape them, slit their throats and dismember the corpses. As if this wasn’t bad enough, he would often mutilate the corpses, and many of the bodies found showed signs of prolonged torture and abuse.  In 1997, police uncovered a mass grave. Suddenly, a widespread investigation into the missing children began. In February 1998, the bodies of 2 naked children were discovered lying next to each other on a hill in Genoa, Colombia. The next day, another child’s naked body was found, just a few meters away. Garavito was captured on 22 April 1999. He confessed to murdering 140 children. However, he is still under investigation for the murder of 172 children in more than 59 towns in Colombia. During his imprisonment, Garavito helped police to find the bodies of his victims. This, along with his confessions, allowed him to win a reduction in sentence by 8 years, thereby making the effective sentence 22 years. Colombian law does not have life imprisonment or death penalty options, and the possibility of serial killings was completely ignored in Colombian law. However, with increased public unrest, the law was revisited, and the maximum sentence for murder was increased to 60 years of imprisonment. Joseph James DeAngelo, ‘The Golden State Killer’, and ‘The East Area Rapist’ The Golden State Killer is a serial killer, rapist, and burglar who committed at least 13 murders, more than 50 rapes, and over 100 burglaries in California from 1974 to 1986. What was initially a search for the East Area Rapist, ended up being a 40-year manhunt for a killer, rapist and home invader. The reawakening of this cold case decades later led to the April 2018 arrest of suspect Joseph James DeAngelo, now dubbed as the Golden State Killer. DeAngelo was born in New York but went to Folsom High School, in suburban Sacramento, and was a former California Police Officer.  In 2016, around the 40th anniversary of the first known attack, the search for the culprit of a suspected 12 homicides and about 50 rapes was renewed. Thanks to the advancement of DNA techniques and databases, DNA from a discarded item, and genetic information on a consumer genealogy website, guided police to the missing piece with DeAngelo as the suspect. DNA evidence linked the Golden State Killer to eight murders in Goleta, Ventura, Dana Point and Irvine; two other murders in Goleta, were lacking DNA evidence, but were linked by the killers usual modus operandi. His initial modus operandi was to stalk middle-class neighborhoods at night, in search of women who were alone in one-storey homes, usually near a school, creek, trail or other open space, that would provide a quick escape. He was seen a number of times, but always successfully fled; on one occasion, he shot and seriously wounded a young pursuer. Although he originally targeted women alone in their homes or with children, he eventually evolved to attacking couples. He would break in through a window or sliding glass door and awaken the sleeping occupants with a flashlight He would then begin threatening them with a handgun. Victims were bound with ligatures, and gagged. The male victim was beaten and left in a different room, while the female victim would be raped repeatedly for hours. In 1979, he moved on from rape, and began to murder his victims by gunshot or bludgeoning. After 1986 the case would go cold, until April 24, 2018, when the Sacramento County Sheriff’s Department arrested 72-year-old Joseph James DeAngelo in connection with the crimes. DeAngelo, was charged with eight counts of first-degree murder. On May 10, the Santa Barbara County District Attorney’s office charged DeAngelo with four additional counts of first-degree murder. Unfortunately, DeAngelo cannot be charged with rapes due to the statute of limitations expiring for those offenses. Identification of DeAngelo had begun four months earlier when officials uploaded the killer’s DNA profile from a Ventura County rape kit to a personal genomics website. The website identified 10 to 20 distant relatives of the Golden State Killer, from whom a team of five investigators working with genealogist Barbara Rae-Venter, constructed a large family tree. They identified two suspects in the case (one of whom was ruled out by a relative’s DNA test), leaving DeAngelo the main suspect.  
 Rick and Morty is the animated, high concept, Sci-Fi rigmarole that we all love. But, far from the cartoonish nonsense that it appears to be at first glance, there are plenty of real science facts and theories behind what we see in the show. While most of the show is strictly in the realms of fiction, there are some concepts that the writers utilise regularly that have their basis in established science facts. Here, we take a look at some of the real science principles that form the basis of some of the concepts in Rick and Morty. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle In the  episode, A Rickle In Time, Rick, Morty and Summer manage to mess up the whole time frame of all universes, and split time up into many different pieces. They then have to try to find a way to solidify time into one unified piece. This actually employs the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. What Einstein’s E=mc2 is to relativity theory, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle is to quantum mechanics. It states that it is impossible to know, simultaneously, the exact position and momentum of a particle. That is, the more exactly the position is determined, the less known the momentum, and vice versa. Essentially by trying to measure their exact place and speed in space and time, Rick, Morty and Summer removed themselves from time all together. The Many World Theory A cornerstone of the Rick and Morty universe is that there are an infinite number of universes, with an infinite number of Ricks, and an infinite number of Mortys. Therefore, nothing anyone says or does actually matters.  It’s ultimately the source of Rick’s extreme existentialism. But this has a basis in fact. There exists an interpretation of quantum-mechanics, (the  fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles), known as the Many-Worlds Interpretation. This suggests that there are many worlds which exist, occupying the same space and time, yet parallel to our own. The existence of the other worlds makes it possible to remove randomness and action, at a distance, from quantum theory, and thus, from all physics. If this were true, it would suggest that nothing anyone did mattered, and that the laws of physics are constant, and unaffected by outside forces. The theory is also referred to as MWI, the Everett interpretation, the theory of the universal wave function, many-universes interpretation, multiverse theory or just many-worlds. The original relative state formulation is due to Hugh Everett in 1957. The Simulated Universe Theory In the episode: M. Night Shaym-Aliens, Rick and Morty try to get to the bottom of a mystery, only to find themselves trapped on an alien spaceship. These aliens are trying to find the formula for concentrated dark matter, and it turns out that Rick and a completely unaware Jerry have been trapped inside a simulation, inside another simulation. While this is not a direct interpretation of it, it does have a grounding in an existing scientific theory known as the Simulated Universe Theory. This theory suggests that the universe we all currently occupy is in fact a giant simulation, by a quantum computer. It would be indistinguishable from true reality, and potentially, could contain conscious minds, which may or may not be fully aware that they are living inside a simulation. It is a theory that dates all the way back to French philosopher and mathematician, René Descartes, in the 1600’s, when he famously philosophized that the people he saw out his bedroom window could in fact be metal machines disguised as humans. More recently, though, the theory has been given some level of credence by Elon Musk, who firmly believes that reality is a simulation created by a super intelligence. Hive Mind In the episode Auto-Erotic Assimilation, we get introduced to Unity. Unity is Rick’s ex-girlfriend, but also, she is an assimilating hive-mind, and has taken control of an entire planet. Every person on the planet thinks with one unified mind. This has its basis in science fact rather than science fiction as hive minds can be found readily in nature. For example, honeybees and ants operate in colonies that function as a hive mind. Singularly they don’t get a lot done, but as a collective colony, both of these creatures do remarkable things. Their communication is based on hormones and pheromones. It also exists to a degree in humans, where people will begin to think with what is referred to as a collective consciousness. This is how social constructs develop into societal norms, and how certain practices and behaviours are deemed as either acceptable or unacceptable. There are also more sinister implications to this: a certain level of brainwashing of the mass majorities, at the hands of our self appointed systems of hierarchy, becomes normalised. This can lead to governmental control becoming less democratic and more absolute. Schrödinger’s Cat Also taken from the episode A Rickle In Time is the reference to Schrödinger’s Cat. In this episode, as time begins to rip itself apart, we see lots of cats just floating around. This is a nod to a very famous physics theory, that forms the basis of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle previously mentioned. Schrödinger’s cat is a thought experiment, sometimes described as a paradox, devised by Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger in 1935. It illustrates what he saw as the problem with the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics when applied to everyday objects. In his theoretical experiment, a living cat is placed into a steel chamber along with a hammer, a vial of hydrocyanic acid, and a very small amount of radioactive substance. If even a single atom of the radioactive substance decays during the test period, a relay mechanism will trip the hammer, which will in turn, break the vial of poisonous gas and cause the cat to die. According to the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum physics, which stated that, essentially, nothing is real until it is observed, and all possible states and outcomes exists simultaneously until the point of observation,  the cat would be both alive and dead at the same time. It would remain this way until someone opened the box to find what state the cat was in.  Schrödinger’s experiment counteracts that, by demonstrating that the cat was either dead or alive regardless of whether or not it was being observed. The Mechanics Of Rabies In the episode Total Rickall, the Smith family household has been infested by parasites, that feed off brainwaves and alter perception. They masquerade as various characters, but they change everyone’s perceptions, and convince them that they have been a valued member of the family forever, implanting false memories and emotions. This is a trait that is found in the Rabies disease. Rabies affects the hippocampus, amygdala and hypothalamus. These brain structures control memory, fear, and emotion. Rabies can even alter the ways in which you release serotonin. The disease essentially hijacks the brains own neurons, and then attacks it. Basically, rabies turns your own brain against you. Much like the parasites did in this episode. Nazi Experimentation On Dogs In Lawnmower Dog, Rick gives the family dog a helmet that enables him to speak. He grows super intelligent, and eventually causes a canine uprising, where dogs take over the world. While none of that is based on any real science, it could have been inspired by Nazi experiments from the 1930’s. The Hundesprechschule Asra was an institution for performing dogs that existed in Leutenberg, Thuringia, Germany, from 1930 until near the end of World War II. It contained famous dogs that appeared to be able to speak certain words. The institute was the site of Nazi experimentation and animal research. The idea behind this was to create a battalion of talking dogs. The idea, despite being completely bonkers, was to glean greater control over the hounds, and to add extra force to their military units. These experiments were taking place at the same time as Nazi experimentation on humans, in an attempt to create a super army of immeasurable force. Pregnant Robots In Raising Gazorpazorp, Morty gets an alien sex robot, who he accidentally impregnates, and winds up being the father to an alien/human hybrid baby. Probably the most outlandish piece of science fact on this list is that a pregnant robot actually exists in the real world. It is a life sized blond haired android, that simulates the pertinent vital signs and exports of a pregnant woman, including blood and urine. It has been used as a teaching tool all around the world, and has even had an emergency cesarean section performed on it. It even gives birth to a tiny little robot baby. Seriously.  
We all have that one show that we obsess over. That TV show that no matter how many times you watch it, still fills you with joy and you find something new in it each time. Many of us also like to theorize on what certain aspects of the show could mean, what connections it might have to a broader world, or even, if what we are being shown is really the full story. Here we have some fan theories for some of the most beloved TV shows from the last few decades, some of them make so much sense they might even be true! Friends – Phoebe’s Imaginary Friends This one is a real tear jerker. Fans of the beloved 90’s sitcom have theorized that, rather than being a part of the close knit group of friends, that Phoebe is in fact, a homeless addict. She lives on the streets and stares in at the rest of the group of friends, as they meet for coffee each day in Central Perk. Each of them has got different names than what we are shown, different lives, different personalities. Everything we have watched was merely the imagined life of a down and out. The theory even goes so far as to offer  an alternate ending to the show, a scene where we see the camera pan out from the group, and focus on the bedraggled Phoebe, she looks on at the group as one of them says from inside the coffee shop, isn’t that the crazy lady that always stares at us. The camera follows her along the street where she looks into a mirror in a shop window, she stares at that for a moment, the camera pans up to reveal the shops name to be ‘Ursula’s’. We then see her bedding down for the night on the park bench where she sleeps every night. Thankfully the shows creators have denied this is the case, but it would make a really interesting twist. The Fresh Prince Of Bel Air – The Prince Is Dead This theory claims that The Fresh Prince is actually dead and everything we see is his heaven. The show ran from 1990 to 1996, and each episode has the famous theme song that states: “There’s a couple of guys who were up to no good, starting making trouble in my neighbourhood, I got in one little fight and my mom got scared she said; you’re moving with your auntie and uncle to Bel Air”. Well the theory goes that he never made it out of that fight alive.  He died and the Bel-Air mansion is all a part of his own personal heaven. The cab ride described in the song too, is important, as the cab driver is supposed to be God, transporting him from one world to the next. With fans theorizing that the reason we see his parents so infrequently is because he only gets to see manifestations of them every time they visit his grave. Murder She Wrote – Jessica Fletcher Is A Serial Killer Murder She Wrote is everyone’s favourite guilty pleasure. You know those jokes you hear about never trusting a jogger because they’re the ones who always find the dead bodies. Well, what would you say about a crime novelist who always happens to be at the scene of murder. There were 12 seasons of Murder She Wrote and that equates to almost 300 killings that Fletcher encounters. Surely that amounts to much more than a coincidence. So there is a theory out there that suggests that Jessica Fletcher is in fact a crazed killer who murders as a research for her stories. The Flintstones – Takes Place After The Jetsons Everyone assumes that The Flintstones are in the past and The Jetsons are in the future, but what if The Jetsons are in the future, and The Flintstones is set in a further ahead future than that? According to a fan theory first put forward on Cracked.com, The Flintstones exist in a post-apocalyptic world that takes place after the The Jetsons. The post-apocalyptic theory suggests that a nuclear war destroyed the world which led to modern society being wiped out and replaced with a primitive form of culture. After several hundred years, the Flintstones, residents of Bedrock, and the surrounding cities are what humanity has managed to rebuild. Thus, the Jetsons’s world might have even pre-dated the Flintstones’s world – that is, all the futuristic technology, robots, and rockets of the Jetsons’ world have collapsed, leaving the Flintstones with the remnants of high-tech devices, but with none of the fancy trappings.It is also suggested that the dinosaurs we see in the Flintstones are mutated lizards from the nuclear fallout. Also, this would account for the super intelligent animals that are able to run devices such as record players and televisions. Breaking Bad – The Breaking Dead A theory exists that Walter White’s crystal meth from Breaking Bad was what caused the walker outbreak in The Walking Dead. The theory first examines a time when Walking Dead character, Merle Dixon,  bought some Blue Sky, something we see on screen for ourselves,  in an episode in season 1.  Another fact the theory leans heavily on is the car that Walt buys for  Walt Jr. in Breaking Bad season 4. The car is identical to the one driven by Glenn in season 1 of The Walking Dead.  There is even more evidence where the car is related, when Walt brings the car back, he brings it back to Glenn’s Car Lot.  Furthermore, AMC has recently seemingly confirmed the connection. In an episode of spin-off series Fear the Walking Dead, attentive fans would have heard the song “Negro y Azul: The Ballad of Heisenberg” playing in the background, the same track which was featured in Breaking Bad, season two . Fear the Walking Dead showrunner Dave Ericksen confirmed its intentional placement. Stranger Things – Eleven Is The Monster Any fan of the show already knows all about the powers that Eleven possesses. But what if part of her powers was to manifest scary creatures to help her deal with all of the bad things that were happening to her as a little girl. We all know that the Upside Down is a sort of duplicate of the real world. Could her Upside Down doppelganger actually be the Demogorgon? This could explain how she is able to recognize both Will and Barb in pictures up in the real world—because her monster duplicate has seen them in the Upside Down. The fact that the monster resembles the Demogorgon from Dungeons & Dragons could be a clue to this being true.  According to the game, the Demogorgon is a two-headed creature that is in constant battle with itself. This suggests that while neither like one another, they need each other to survive. This is something that we see come to fruition in the finale of season 2, where it looks like Eleven defeats the monster, however in the next clip we see that the Upside Down is actually still there. Rugrats – The Babies Don’t Exist This theory states that none of the babies are actually real. They are all just figments of Angelica’s imagination and she invented them on account of her parents’ neglect.  Chuckie died with his mother, which explains how much of a nervous wreck his father was. Tommy was a stillborn baby, which explains why his father, Stu, was always in the basement making toys for the son he never had. The DeVilles had an abortion. To compensate for not knowing the sex of the baby, Angelica invented twins in her head, one boy, one girl, so: Phil and Lil. Susie is Angelica’s only friend, and plays along with her hallucinations so she doesn’t take away her only coping mechanism. Dil was the only baby who couldn’t speak like an adult because he was the only baby that wasn’t a figment of Angelica’s imagination. Saved By The Bell – Bayside High Is Zack’s Dream World Saved By The Bell was one of the greatest TV shows of the 90’s. At least, that’s what we all thought at the time. Before Saved By The Bell,  Zack Morris, Screech and Lisa were all in a Disney Channel teen sitcom called Good Morning Miss Bliss. After a 14-episode run, Good Morning, Miss Bliss was re-made for NBC. Some of the characters stayed on, while others were cast aside. The location changed, from John F. Kennedy Junior High School in Indiana to Bayside High School in California. That’s not all that changed, though, since Zack’s character changed somewhat from one show to the other.  Because of this, the theory exists that Saved By The Bell is nothing more than the escapist fantasy of Zack Morris. In Saved By The Bell, Zack is the coolest guy in school, when he originally was a complete dweeb. Fans think he made up an entire dream world in California, where he was popular, cool, charming, and a real hit with the ladies.
Usually, when you read a history article or story, it’s just facts and your imagination. These pictures will show you how these historic events looked like. They will make you feel like you were there. Here are historical photographs that capture some of the rarest moments in history that you have probably never seen before. Che Guevara and Fidel Castro fishing, 1960 Two of the most powerful men in Latin America fishing together off the coast of Cuba. German declaration of war against the United States Four days after the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States declaration of war against Japan, Adolf Hitler declared war against the USA on 11 December 1941. He made this decision in response to what was claimed to be a series of provocations by the United States government when the US was still officially neutral during World War II. Later that day, Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Germany. Pearl Harbor surprise attack, 1941 Several bombs hit the USS Shaw during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. 1868 : the transcontinental railroad in Nevada A native American overlooking the newly completed section of the transcontinental railroad in Nevada. Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali in 1964 Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali, then still named Cassius Clay, after Ali’s victory over Sonny Liston “The Gadget”, the first atomic bomb Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon. The Gadget was the first atomic bomb ever made and was tested at the Trinity Site in New Mexico, on July 16th, 1945. This atomic bomb had the same design as the Fat Man bomb later detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, on August 9, 1945. Soldiers in WWII Two American soldiers having a laugh during WWII. First selfie ever taken, 1900 This picture shows a female photographer and her Box Brownie. The Beatles before crossing Abbey Road, 1969 Just before crossing the road, this photo was taken in the opposite direction of the road than the one on the album cover. The First Photograph Taken on the Moon, 1969 Here is the first photo taken by Neil Armstrong after exiting Eagle, the landing module. An American marine exhibits ‘the thousand-yard stare’ Pvt Theodore J. Miller boards transport after two days of Battle on Eniwetok (Marshall Islands). Neil Armstrong eating his last earthly breakfast before launching to the moon, 1969 Here is Neil Armstrong enjoying his last breakfast before launching to the moon in 1969. Soccer team of British WWI soldiers wearing gas masks, 1916 British soldiers play football while wearing gas masks during WWI, somewhere in the north of France, 1916.   #acp_paging_menu, .acp_wrapper { display: none; }
We all like to think we know stuff, don’t we? There is nothing more satisfying than being able to drop a few facts into a conversation and sit there with a smug grin while everyone looks at you in awe of your apparent wisdom. Well what if we told you that some of those facts were wrong? We have put together a list of some of the so-called facts we all thought we knew, but have recently been proven wrong. Quick, get your pen and paper out, you might want to take notes! Chameleons Change Colour For Camouflage Em…they don’t. They do change colour, that much is true, but it is not to blend in with their surroundings. Their reasons for colour-changing are actually more to do with communication with other chameleons and also to help maintain body temperature. Dinosaurs Were Scaly It was once thought that these great beasts of the past were giant scaly monsters. It was thought that their skin resembled that of the lizards we are familiar with today. However, recent discoveries suggest that over 30 species of non-avian dinosaurs actually had feathers. This has been proven either from direct fossilized evidence of feathers, or other indicators, such as quill knobs. Humans Only Use 10% Of Their Brains The origin of this myth is unclear, however it has been attributed to Einstein in the past. Despite scientists being repeatedly outspoken about this, it seems to linger on. While we do not use all of our brain all at once all of the time, we certainly do use all of our brain. The Great Wall Of China Can Be Seen From Space It is a rumour that has been circulating for decades, however, NASA has confirmed that, while there are many man made objects that are observable from space, The Great Wall isn’t one of them. Camels Store Water In Their Humps Again, unsure where this one started, but they do not store water in their humps. What they do store however, is fat. They use this fat as nourishment if there is no food about. Goldfish Have 3 Second Memory Spans This is one everyone has heard. However, in 2009 a team of scientists set out to disprove this theory, and disprove it they did. Through various experiments they proved that goldfish can remember things well past 3 seconds, and can even remember things for a few months. Blood Is Blue Inside Your Body This is a well known myth, although some of you may be surprised. It is said that because the veins are blue and they carry deoxygenated blood, that the blood itself is blue. This is untrue however, as blood is red regardless of how oxygen rich it is. Sugar Makes Children Hyper Many studies have proven this to be a myth. Tests conducted as far back as 1994 show that there is no proof that sugar will make your child hyperactive. Various other ingredients found in candy can have an effect on your children’s behaviour, though, and sugar is certainly not good for children. Cracking Your Knuckles Will Give You Arthritis This is completely untrue. The popping sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is in fact a displacement of air in the joint or supporting ligaments. So now you know, things you thought to be true are not, dinosaurs had feathers and you can crack your knuckles to your heart’s content! It just goes to show that science is continually changing and we are learning, disproving and proving things all the time.   #acp_paging_menu, .acp_wrapper { display: none; }