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Fashion is subjective and when it regards men, the word subjective tells it all. Men can be really insecure about following trends and the results of putting together “something I like” plus “something my girlfriend likes” plus “something that I’ve heard is really on vogue this season” usually brings questionable results. Also, hearing many voices, can in fact take a man who perceives himself as totally incompetent in the subject of fashion, and it can hinder the development of his own identity, creating a mess of different styles. Another scenario could be, instead, when men have a really high self-esteem and are conscious of being pleasant looking with a fit body (or they are convinced of this even if this might not be exactly true). In this case there are no critics or suggestions that can be heard: the man in question would never ever listen to anyone because he thinks his style is great, perfect, the best you can find. Maybe because he dresses like his friends and the fact of wearing all the same things like uniforms gives him the belief that they are the coolest guys around. The general fact is that, if a man needs to copy what he sees around or just tries to show in a pretty childish way as much skin (and muscles) as possible, it’s because fashion is usually considered a “girl thing”. Fashion is also associated on many occasions to something stupid and shallow with two negative consequences: first, the women who care about their appearances are considered superficial and, second, men’s wardrobes are often manipulated by their mothers and then by their partners with the result that they become totally dependent on women for what concerns dressing. What we wear evolves with the times, it’s linked to different cultures and also to the small community in which we live. It is part of our identity as it tells a lot about who we are in the same way as our gestures, the tone of our voices and our attitudes. So, here is a small guide about fashion trends that people in general hate. If you are a man and you decide to go for these, well, it is your choice; but if you are looking for a partner or you would like to keep the one you are with at the moment, in most of the cases it would be better to avoid this fashion. Let’s repeat it another time: fashion (and taste) are subjective; if you feel self-confident while wearing a bun made of fake hair, it is very possible that people will appreciate your confidence and won’t notice the wig. It is also possible that, if you look like Jason Momoa, one of the Hemsworth brothers, Bradley Cooper etc. etc. you might actually look breathless wearing all the wigs you want. Just take this as general advice for a first date, for a job interview, for a formal occasion. 1.The “hipster” beard Not so much on vogue anymore, fortunately. The thick and long beard which sometimes used to be accompanied by a handlebar mustache, was often and reasonably associated with the hipsters. Beyond its length and thickness, this kind of beard had a well refined shape with not even one hair out of place. Some men used to take vitamin B6 supplements to make it grow faster and stronger and the weirdest part is that they probably also purchased all the merchandise like conditioners and oils to make it soft and shiny. Last but not least, research has demonstrated that long beards hold lots of bacteria (in case crumbs and small pieces of food are not disgusting enough) and the woman who plants her face into her lover’s beard could actually get less bacteria by kissing a dog. 2. Cargo pants The reasons of this fad that many people seem to have is not very clear. Presumably, the amount of pockets make it difficult to find an object you have put there. In which pocket did I put the keys? I can’t find them, maybe I left them at home? No, here they are just on my right knee. Women don’t like cargo pants either. The articulated shape of these pants obviously doesn’t look good on every body. But as some men look great with the beard, some men may wear cargo pants really well: as already said, it’s a matter of confidence. 3.Deep neck t-shirt If a woman with a large neckline is considered vulgar and attention seeking because she wants to show her graces, why should a man be seen differently? Men wearing t-shirts with a deep neck and in many cases really tight, want to show their hard pectorals, abdominals and well-toned arms. If you have a nice body and muscles, this will be noticeable anyway by wearing more sober clothes and leaving something to the imagination is never a bad thing. In the opposite case, in which a man wouldn’t be well-toned but heavy, with an overflowing belly, well… the courage is to appreciate, but it’s still a no. 4. Sagging pants (with your bottom out) This way of wearing pants started in jails: it was a signal that a man was giving to the other inmates to let them know that he was available for sex. This style was adopted by many youngsters for skateboarding, hip-hop dances or for some freestyle rap. The odd thing about this trend is that the pants must stand still and tight under the bottom so they can limit the movement and, in some cases, they can fall down. In fact, while some boys leave just half of their booties peeking out of the pants, some others slide the pants completely down. The result is antiaesthetic: people are forced to see all their underwear and, in a case of sudden movements, they can see more than a pair of shorts. The results are exhilarating because everyone finds the hairy booty of a man who is not conscious of what is happening quite funny. The cons are obviously more that the pros, so unless you are thirteen or less, put a belt on your trousers or buy a tighter pair.
Elon Musk is a South African born entrepreneur who exists in the rarefied air of Silicon Valley. He is renowned for tackling huge problems and thinking way outside the box. This has led some speculators to make comparisons between Musk and Nikola Tesla, his idol and fellow mad scientist. Nikola Tesla is the genius behind modern alternating current. He discovered a way to harness this immense power source, hence, changing society irrevocably. Thomas Edison was Tesla’s rival in the burgeoning electricity movement. Edison ran public relations campaigns in which he slandered Tesla and his alternating current. Famously, one such PR stunt involved electrocuting an adult elephant to death, in order to prove how ‘unsafe’ Tesla’s electricity indeed was. Incredibly, this PR campaign worked. Edison’s electricity won out and Tesla was consigned to the annals of history. However, Tesla has experienced a resurgence in popularity. Nikola Tesla is now acknowledged to be an inventor without parallel, despite the best efforts of Thomas Edison. Comparisons are being drawn between these two men because of Elon Musk’s tremendous entrepeneurial success. As of writing, Musk is one of the few men alive to have built three ‘billion dollar companies’ from scratch. These include SpaceX, Tesla, and the Boring company. Tesla is a car manufacturer that builds exclusively electric automobiles. Not only have they revolutionized the electric car, but they have also made it the epitome of cool to own one. Musk aimed to alleviate the threat of environmental collapse by inventing a greener alternative to the petroleum car. This has earned him praise for the sheer ambition he has shown in executing what many said could not be done. While sitting in bumper to bumper Los Angeles traffic one evening, Musk had a brainwave. He created a Twitter post stating: “Traffic is driving me nuts. I am going to build a tunnel boring machine and just start digging”. Musk made this fantasy a reality in 2018 when he started the Boring company. The idea is to stack tunnels in a three-dimensional pattern and fix the traffic issues of Los Angeles in one fail swoop. The visionary idea raised eyebrows at first but council planners were convinced and 2018 saw the first tunnel opened under LA. SpaceX is the leading private space travel country in the world. They have made history this year with the first private flight to the international space station. Musk is aiming to give humanity a contingency plan in the worst case scenario of environmental catastrophe. He sees a bright future in which human culture is spread across the Milky Way and further afield. Many believe that Musk is the man with enough vision and know-how to usher in a new era of space exploration. After seeing his glowing track record, it is no wonder that people are in awe of Musk’s apparent genius. An interview in India Today with a former executive puts it like this: “He is the smartest person I have ever met and that’s Elon’s genius, he knows what people want before they know.” However, several controversies have changed the perception of this inventor. Tirades on Twitter have gotten him embroiled in costly legal battles, leading some to label him ‘erratic’. Musk was a guest on the Joe Rogan Podcast and imbibed a small amount of cannabis. This had a profound impact on shareholder confidence and Musk lost millions in company valuation. This does not take away from his profound achievements, even a CEO worth billions is allowed a slip-up or two. So far Musk’s “mad genius” has enabled him to push the boundaries of technology and come up with solutions to problems nobody else seems able to solve. Time will tell if Musk will measure up to the expansive genius of Nikola Tesla. Yet, the market awaits his next venture with bated breath, excited to see what incredible invention emerges from the mind of this truly visionary thinker.
Having a beard is not something only synonym of hipsters now. It’s attractive and more and more common, even for young men. All is in how you take care of it and make it grow. But how do you avoid this frustrating vision of an eternal nascent beard? There is no magical trick but let us give you tips.   Let it grow Yes, it’s as simple as that but there are ways to avoid the Robinson Crusoe effect. If you have patchy spots, you should let the bear grow as long as you can. The best is to let it grow untrimmed for a month at least at the beginning of the process, on the cheeks and over the chin. Taking care of your beard also helps, especially with oils and balms. Brush it as well to stretch it towards the patchy spots. Never forget to keep it clean, especially in the neckline, cheek lines and moustache areas.   Be Healthy, good diet, hydrated, Supplements, Exercise Not surprisingly, your diet has an impact on your beard. If you have a healthy diet, especially made of proteins and vitamins, and hydrate yourself well, your beard have a softer touch. Some advise to take supplements as well, like biotin, which will help fortify your hair. Exercise and a good rest will make your hair vitalized and stronger: pport is good for your blood circulation, that’s why it will also be good to make your beard grow; while sleeping increases your testosterone, so it’s advised to sleep at least 8 hours per night. Same for stress: try to limit it, we know that stress makes us lose our hair, so keep calm and let your beard grow! Take care of your skin Grow your beard but don’t forget your skin underneath! If you hydrate yourself well, it will help you eliminate the toxins and have nicer skin, so a healthier and thicker beard. Either you like it or not, you will also need to apply a good moisturizer on your skin, while also cleaning your face regularly to remove dead skin cells, causing ingrown hair. Beard oil, trim, shampoo and conditioner Beard is hair, so, just like you take care of the hair growing on your head, do it for your facial ones! A good natural beard oil is a great start, this will moisturize your beard but also your skin, getting rid of dandruff beard itch, handy, no? Trimming is also very important. At the beginning and after the four weeks, the best way is to go to a barber, who will know how to deal with your sacred beard. Then you’ll be able to trim it yourself with a good trimmer of course, two or three times per week. Extra tip: start with your neckline and then the rest of the beard. Shampoo and conditioner will make your beard smooth and silky, but also thicker. Last resorts : Dye it, Beard transplant Some will skip this section, but as a last resort you can always dye your beard or do beard transplant. It will trick the audience but do the job. It’s particularly useful if you have mixed color hair in your beard, to make it homogeneous and as a result, thicker. You might be reluctant to do so, but beard transplant is actually a real solution if you’re really desperate after trying several natural solutions. The process consists in taking some hair from your back or your scalp, and transplant them on your face, on your patchy spots. The hair then falls out after a couple of weeks then regrow “naturally” after a few months. Only for the brave.
When it is about fashion, some men like to maintain a low profile and to opt for evergreen classics. The trends changed a lot until today and the concepts of “menswear” and “classics” themselves are quite different compared to the past. When did the concept of classic men’s trend start comprising a broader range of styles and items? A lot of time ago. We could say this happened when the punk counterculture reached the most prestigious catwalks and the boutiques all over the world. Or, even earlier, with the iconic hippie movement? Influences of this style are still regularly present in the collections of many designers. What about, instead, of the dressing code of the beat generation? Jack Kerouac is the most famous name inside this movement but the poet Allen Ginsberg is reminded for his style and he’s also considered by many as a precursor of the hippie culture (and fashion). Then, in 1994, for the first time we read the term “metrosexual” and that was another milestone in men’s fashion. For those who perhaps have missed it, a metrosexual is a heterosexual man who spends time and energies in grooming and shopping, who takes care of his appearance even though this could be considered a way of doing proper of gay men (yes, this sounds undoubtedly discriminating but we just report the definition. Also, don’t forget that we’re talking about ‘90s and many things have luckily changed). Anyway, discriminating or not, metrosexuality was a sign that the relationship between men and fashion was going through a metamorphosis: following the trends was not defining anymore your sexual orientation and everyone became free of creating their outfits the way they wanted. Being dressed in an unusual way was not considered “unusual” anymore, so the variety of trends was enlarged. As time went on, men’s fashion was subject of further transformations: feminine pieces of clothing have been taken and restyled to be worn by men. Today, things are even more different: after a mutual exchanging of womenswear with menswear (that, anyway, is much more scandalous when the men borrow clothes from the women and not vice versa), we landed on the soil of gender fluid. How this is influencing men’s fashion? The answer is simple: we deny fashion made for men and fashion made for women. In fact, being fluid means going where we want, going for shopping following our emotions and buying what makes us feeling comfortable, confident, and what gives us a personal touch to make our style unique. We also follow the hype and wait impatiently for the drop of a limited edition collection to grab pieces made for a few lucky people. Wrapping up all these notion about the history of fashion, what we could identify as trends that never go out of fashion? It is strictly personal and so hard to define, but with these tips you certainly can’t ever get wrong. 1.Sandals Starting with the more difficult themes, we know some men could find it hard to accept. But why leave just to the women the privilege of getting some air on their feet during the summer heat? Come on, there’s no need to wear socks in every season, and what about loafers? They leave a bit more of freedom to your feet but the inside, if carried with no socks, will become sweaty and sticky quickly when the weather is hot. Ew! Sandals are just the best option. The classics in this case are the worldwide famous models by Birkenstock. There are three iconic types that you surely know: the two stripe sandals, the flip-flops, the clogs. You can find these made by many brands, in different fabrics and prices. 2. Korean collar shirts This kind of shirt is suitable for a casual outfit but also to give a peculiar twist to a formal look. It sets you free from the choice of a tie or a bow tie and it never goes out of fashion. 3. Denim jacket It’s always stylish and you can wear it on t-shirts, shirts, hoodies… Everything! Just be sure of matching the same shade of denim jeans or trousers of a different colour. You can then choose sneakers to make the look casual, boots to make it more vintage, or else, elegant shoes with laces. You can never get wrong. 4. Combat boots Dr. Martens brand was born in 1961, it’s alive and kicking. There must be a reason! As for the denim jacket, you can fit this type of shoes to different looks. You can wear them without shoelaces and messy or tied up. You can as well find them in different colours and with patterns. They are resistant to bad weather, also to snow. 5. Suits Here we come to the end with the biggest classic symbol of elegance. Suits change following the trends, but not so much. If you often wear suits, you will surely have many kinds with different colours and fits. If you wear them rarely, only for important occasions, you should choose a black one or, daring a bit more, grey or navy. You could then match them with shirts, ties and various accessories of different colours to change something every time and make your suit looking like is always a new one.
Warren Buffett has reached many highs and peaks of success in his life that most of us could only dream of. He is one of the best investing minds we have, and has amassed an incredible fortune from studying the investment market. What better man to take advice from. We have collected Buffett’s life-lessons that he has used to gain success. These tips will help you to become a better entrepreneur or leader in any line of work and to be the best that you can be. If you want to be successful in work, or simply want to have an entrepreneurial mindset, keep reading! Public Speaking Buffett has often stressed the value he has placed on public speaking and how instrumental it is to his business. Of all the many skills he has learned over his illustrious career, improving his confidence with public speaking is one of the things that he believes was vital to his accomplishments. Buffett was originally petrified of speaking to crowds of people, to the point where he would feel physically ill. However, the mogul knew how often he would have to do it, so he took part in a Dale Carnegie public speaking course that cost $100. His mantra is recognise what scares you, and do it anyway. In an interview for ‘Getting There: A Book of Mentors’ Buffett said “That $100 course gave me the most important degree I have. It’s certainly had the biggest impact in terms of my subsequent success”. Invest in Yourself The most important investment is in the thing you know best, that will get you the greatest returns – yourself. You are stuck with yourself for the long term, so you need to take time to take care of your body and mind. The value of stocks rise and dip with unprecedented shock, whereas your body is a valuable investment for the future. Find out what it is that you want to do and study and continue to learn in this area. Follow Your Passion: Buffett realises that much of his success with stocks is due to his genuine love of the stock market. To follow a vibrant, lively and sometimes dangerous thing excites him. To study it and plan ahead before investing is an adrenaline rush of sorts. When giving advice to others in any career path, Buffett highlights the importance of liking your job. Finding your passion and giving it everything you’ve got is crucial to live a life where you’re satisfied in the workplace. On passion, Buffet told students at the University of Georgia in a speech, ‘‘the real thing to do is to get going for some institution or individual that you admire. I mean it’s crazy to take in-between jobs just because they look good on your résumé​, or because you get a little higher starting pay’’. When hiring staff Buffett always looks at the enthusiasm each candidate has for the job. If you genuinely enjoy a job, you will do everything to a high standard. Choose a Mentor Many people benefit from having a mentor or role model, someone to look up to and aim for their level of success. Buffett is one of those people. He states that having a person you admire as a mentor will reignite your passion and encourage you to replicate their work process, to make yours more profitable. Soak up all you can from these figures. Buffett famously said “Hang out with people better than you. Pick people whose behaviour is somewhat better than yours and you’ll drift in that direction”. Surrounding yourself in good company is half the battle. Buffett realises that he is that person in many people’s lives. Perhaps he may also be yours. Don’t Use Credit Cards Buffett detests the popularity of credit cards as he believes they are an easy way to fall into debt. Cash is king to him, and it could be to you if you follow this life advice. Paying with cash aids you as you can visually see how much money you have, and therefore curbs your spending – especially those impulse purchases. If you do not have enough cash on you, then unlike a credit card, you cannot make the purchase. Learn to have willpower over your spending and become frugal. Before trying to earn money Buffett first warns people not to fall into debt. Buffett also tells people to always carry cash on themselves, as he does, to always be prepared in the case of an emergency. He likes to have this cash ready to go for when he needs it to strike on the stock market, because the right moment may never come back again.   Always Be Kind This is a simple tip which is sometimes the hardest to follow: always be kind. In today’s busy society where people are rushing chaotically to get what they want, particularly in the finance world, kindness is overlooked. Buffett encourages people to be kind, as everyone you meet can aid you in some way, so you don’t want to turn them off you. Shares, like people, are a fickle thing and can turn on you with the drop of a hat, so you want to have a good reputation in order to get help. Don’t Buy Popular Stocks This one may surprise fans of Buffett, but is practical advice. From his life experience studying the investment systems the Nebraskan native has learned to stay away from stocks that are extremely popular, which often turn out to be overvalued. He likes to examine businesses and spot a bargain in the shape of low priced shares that few others are looking at. The seemingly uninteresting stocks are often the most lucrative, as they regularly give back large and consistent dividends. Buffett examines at stocks intrinsic value when deciding to invest. To do this he investigates their fundamentals over a lengthy period, such as five years, and projects their return on equity, operating margins and debt levels. He then contrasts it with competitors.
A business synonymous with computers, Microsoft was created by the renowned Bill Gates in 1975. The man behind the household name is one of the wealthiest people in the world according to Forbes, second only to Amazon founder Jeff Bezos who just recently surpassed Gates. Gates proved that all you need to make your dreams a reality is passion, hard work and, perhaps, a shabby garage. Microsoft was born from humble beginnings in Gates’ garage in his home in Albuquerque, New Mexico with good friend Paul Allen. There was little physical space, unsophisticated instruments, technology and few resources, but they made it work. Little did Gates know what they would accomplish together. So how did he do it? Let’s start at the beginning. Born in 1955, Gates was raised by parents who encouraged competition. Growing up Gates was known to be curious, intelligent and, of course, obsessed with all things technology. He surrounded himself with books so much that his parents banned them from the dinner table. He learned how to hack when he was merely 13 and in school spent hours on the computer teaching himself how to code. This is where he met and bonded with Allen over their interest in IT. Allen became instrumental in the conception and development of their lucrative software. In school Gates got banned from using the computer as he was caught hacking, and he even admitted to using the school scheduling software to put him in classes with more girls. You have to admire his efforts! First he created a traffic-based startup which failed, but served as practice for his future endeavours. He attended Harvard University but soon dropped out to work on a startup idea he had, which we know today to be Microsoft. Later in life he returned to Harvard and finally obtained his degree. During his time in college he wrote a computer language for the Altair computer company, which he then sold and used the money from it to start Microsoft. His inside knowledge and experience of testing software and the commercialisation of IT was vital to his success in the early days. Gates and Allen received help in the form of a collaboration with IBM (International Business Machines Corporation). Gates even resold a language to them that he originally bought from someone else and retained the copyright. Of course, every company has to start somewhere, and Microsoft was no different. With little investment capital and sheer determination Gates worked endless 16 hour days for over 5 years to make the software a success. He claims that he personally checked each line of code that was inputted. His hard work paid off when Steve Jobs asked him to design software for Apple. When Gates made his Microsoft announcement, he had not yet finished the product. Allen left the company when he sadly fell ill, leaving Gates solely at the helm of the lucrative ship. Gates quickly became the youngest ever billionaire. It is not often with company founders stay at the forefront of the business throughout the years, but Gates has stayed during every stage. Later he started his third startup, Corbis, a company that specialises in digital imaging. For almost two decades he was the richest man on the planet and has been on the Forbes list of richest people since 1986. The Seattle man has been the epitome of the software industry for the last 30 years and his reign shows no signs of stopping. Microsoft was an extremely frugal company. Gates put all of their profits back into the business, and created an endless cycle of internal upgrades and steady releases of new products. It is well known that it was not until the 1990s that the Microsoft team stopped flying coach. The only lavish purchases Gates made was out of necessity. Gates bought a private jet in 1997 when security issues were created as a result of his fame. The company was also one of the first not to give its profits to shareholders but to put it back into the company, in the belief that it would provide higher investments. They paid their first dividend in 2003. Microsoft has well-known shortcomings and flaws, but it is still the most widely used software. Why is this? Its market leadership is a spectacle to be seen. Gates introduced the world to the first personal computer. He has a monopoly in this area of the market and created an empire. The company was his life, giving him success and financial security, and also love. He met his wife Melinda there, who was working as an executive. In 2000 he made the decision to step down as CEO, giving the position to a good friend. Gates always kept his friends by his side and brought them up with him, and even found love at Microsoft. His staff viewed him as approachable, and loved that he wanted to hear their ideas. Was this the key ingredient to his success? In 2014 he left the position of chairman, and today owns less than 1% of its shares. Nowadays he is a philanthropist who has started the Bill and Melinda Foundation, one of the biggest non-profits organisations in the world. Gates is committed to donating his hard earned money to those in need, and fights to end world poverty. He also donates to schools, especially the history departments. He stated that he wants to donate half of his wealth over his lifetime. His main piece of advice for those wanting to find success in IT is to read programs created by others, and learn from their work as he did.  
When we think of our favourite celebrities or social leaders we admire their success and what they have achieved. Yet, we don’t see the journeys they have been on to get to where they are now. These stories give us faith that no matter what obstacles you face you can always overcome the adversity with determination and passion. The following household names have amassed huge fortunes and gained international success, but you may not know about their less than glamorous beginnings. If they can make it, so can you! Li Ka-Shing Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka-Shing was the wealthiest man in Asia for a generation of young people. He now boasts an estimated net worth of $32.8 billion, but there was a time before he had this fortune. Originally from China, Ka-Shing moved with his family to Hong Kong in the 1940s as a young boy, when tragedy struck the family and his father died. Ka-Shing had to leave school to support the household and provide an income. He found a job at a plastics trading company, where he worked exhausting 16 hour days for little pay. Despite his unfortunate start to working life he was later able to start his own company, Cheung Kong Industries. The company began manufacturing plastics, and Ka-Shing used the expertise he had gained in this field to his advantage. Over time the company slowly expanded into real estate. His business empire now spans many areas such as banking, real estate, retail outlets and hotels, to mention a select few. The magnate owns a portion of all major businesses in Hong Kong and has over 260,000 staff working for him in 55 countries. So what we have learned from this is….don’t stay in school kids? Oprah Winfrey Next is the beloved Oprah Winfrey. We all know Winfrey to be a confident and powerful woman, but these are traits she developed over time. Her tough life raised her to be strong. Like a true underdog, she exceeded all the expectations that anyone had for her. Born in rural Mississippi, Winfrey grew up in a single parent household with a mother who had given birth as a teen. She was brutally raped as a child at ages 9 and later 13. Like her mum, Winfrey too had a teenage pregnancy and delivered a son at age 14, who sadly passed away in infancy. Winfrey finally got a much deserved break when she became a co-anchor for a local radio show at just 19. Her natural prowess for the airwaves prompted her promotion to daytime talk shows in 1983, where she became a firm favourite of many viewers. This show later became ‘The Oprah Winfrey Show’ and became the highest rated of its kind. The show was picked up and went national and by 32 Winfrey was a millionaire. Perhaps it is the struggles she went through that makes her so empathetic and endearing to those whom she reaches out to on her show. Despite her staggering wealth and celebrity name she retains the down-to-earth aura that viewers fell in love with. Philanthropist Winfrey is speculated to be worth a cool $2.6 billion and has been named one of the richest self-made women in the America by Forbes. J.K. Rowling JK. Rowling grew up in a house with little income, but poverty wasn’t the only thing she fought to defeat. Rowling struggled with severe depression throughout her life and combatted this by turning to the only thing that made her forget her troubles, writing. Her form of release turned out to be a saving grace from all her problems. The ‘Harry Potter’ novels became mainstream fiction and turned the world into wizarding fans. Surprisingly, many publishers rejected her novel, until one finally agreed to work with Rowling. When her marriage broke down and her husband kicked her out of her home she struggled to care for their daughter alone. She claimed social welfare while writing her novel, which ended up turning her life around. As a young girl growing up with an overactive imagination Rowling used her daily life and the people in in it as inspiration for the famous wizarding world, which has gained her a fortune estimated to be $1 billion. The book series has become one of the biggest grossing movie franchises worldwide and has become an escape for children and adults alike. Do Won Chang Upon moving to the U.S. to make a better life for themselves Do Won Chang and his wife Jin Sook had to work to make ends meet. Originating from Korea, Chang worked three jobs at once for a period of three years to pay the bills. He discovered that America was far from the land of opportunity that he had expected. However, this was all about to change. In 1984 the couple got the breakthrough they were searching for and opened their very first retail store. This was the start of big things for the couple, as they went on to become founders of the internationally renowned clothing brand Forever 21. Their family brand grew rapidly and expanded across the country before opening branches overseas. It now boasts over 480 stores worldwide and is estimated to take in around $3 billion a year in sales. Chang’s days working as a janitor, coffee shop assistant and at a gas station are long behind him. With his daughters taking over the reins of the company, the future of the Chang family is in good hands.
It’s easy to gain success, but hard to keep it. It is seldom that company leaders and CEOs stand the test of time and weather all storms with their business during their journey to prosperity. Here we will look at leaders who persevered challenges and adversity to accomplish these achievements. 1. Warren Buffett Warren Buffett is well renowned for being one of the most successful investors the world has known. His impeccable business know-how and expertise in the stock market has made him one of the wealthiest people worldwide. This was due to his hard work and experience in finance throughout the years of his career. He started his career with lucrative investment partnerships and eventually worked his way to CEO of Berkshire Hathaway. Buffett exemplifies patience and determination and knows that the exact minute to invest is never the first minute. Buffett is not afraid to share his fortune and has donated a sum of over $17.3 billion in total. 3. Howard Schultz Howard Schultz has had quite the journey to CEO of Starbucks. His family did not have much money growing up but this served as motivation for Schultz to succeed in his work life. He is not afraid to work hard for what he wants and even earned a football scholarship in school. He first earned a job as head of marketing in Starbucks. After a holiday to Milan he asked his bosses to model Starbucks like the coffee bars he saw abroad, although they disagreed. He quit, but after two years bought the business from them. He has expanded the brand to 18,000 stores worldwide and Starbucks has become a household name. 4. Bill Gates For almost two decades, Microsoft founder Bill Gates was classified as the richest man in the world but has finally been knocked from the top by Jeff Bezos. Along with his partner Paul Allen, they made Microsoft a level of success that has never been seen before in the PC and software industries. Gates has moved away from Microsoft in recent years and now owns less than 1% of its shares. Instead, the philanthropist has donated money to charities, in particular the foundation he owns with his wife, the ‘Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation’ which ensures clean water and sanitation for many living in poverty in the developing world. 5. Mark Zuckerberg Facebook chairman and CEO Mark Zuckerberg is an inspiration to tech wizards and entrepreneurs alike. Zuckerberg used his prolific coding skills to create the social media platform. Facebook is arguably the most popular form of social networking that we have ever seen, and it seems as if almost everyone has an account. Zuckerberg used his keen marketing skills to attract his target market of, well, basically everyone. What started as a young, tech-savvy person’s website soon had grandmothers signing up. Turns out dropping out of Harvard wasn’t so bad for Zuckerberg after all! 7. Elon Musk This South African has been studying since he was a child to get to where he is today. At the meagre age of 12 Musk created a code for a game and sold it, such was his proficiency. This only motivated him to continue with his love for all things technology. He has several degrees and was even accepted into Stanford University for a Ph.D. programme. The polished businessman invented machinery and IT instalments alike, but is best known for being the founder of PayPal, SpaceX and Tesla Motors. His developments in automation and robotics are paving the way for the future. 9. Reed Hastings Our favourite online streaming service Netflix is the brainchild of businessman Reed Hastings. The co-founder and CEO of Netflix admitted that running a business is not easy, even for an established businessman like himself. He had trouble managing his first company, but despite this it was profitable and he used this money to develop Netflix. He took the many lessons he learnt there and made the online streaming business one of the primary ways we consumes media today.
The Special Forces are highly trained military units, and a force to be reckoned with. Only the top soldiers are chosen for these elite groups and the entry regimes are notorious for their difficulty. Few graduate from training and gain a place in these units. Special Forces take on the most difficult operations of the military and are well respected. Today we are going to look at the toughest of the tough from around the world.   British SAS The British SAS (Special Air Service) were created during World War 2 in 1941 and became one of the first prominent Special Forces in history. Most Special Forces worldwide base their groups on the SAS model. They are one of the oldest forces and their main duty is to fight terrorism. The SAS are a formidable sight when in action. They invade enemy land to gain intelligence and perform rescue missions. Lieutenant David Stirling started the group. He had an idea for a super group who were highly skilled, deadly soldiers to work together on special tasks and would take the enemy by surprise. They began as a regiment and then a corp. The entry process for the SAS is not to be taken lightly. Soldiers must undergo gruelling training regimes and if they pass they begin their specialist training. There is a fail rate of over 90%. During the 1980 Iranian Embassy siege they successfully saved many hostages. This event was televised and brought them to the attention of the world. They are often considered the best Special Forces in the world. US Navy Seals The US Navy Seals were formed during World War 2. They are a key part of the US military and constantly fight in active war zones, including the 2003 invasion of Iraq. They were the team responsible for killing Osama Bin Laden. When a task seems doomed it is passed along to the Seals to take over the operation. To join them you have to participate in a yearlong training course that puts mental and physical strength to its limits. Many American movies mention or portray the Navy Seals, such is their importance to the country and shows the respect Americans have for them. They are specially trained in unorthodox methods different to those that a regular soldier would experience. They learn to survive in many different environments, but above all the sea. ‘Seal’ stands for ‘Sea, Air and Land’. When they are not on a mission they are consistently in training. One of their most impressive skills is the timing of their operations. They invade land, kill opposition and perform rescue missions in very little time. Getting in and out quickly without being seen is something they excel at. Russian Spetsnaz The Spetsnaz is a word meaning all of Russia’s Special Forces. They are arguably the most aggressive force globally in the Special Forces. They have been involved in every major terrorist operation, notably the 2002 Moscow theatre siege. Their sniper precision is a spectacle to watch. Training includes prisoner interrogation, assassination and military drills. They are one of the best groups for withstanding torture. The group do not allow any of their plans or intelligence leak, and are willing to undergo abusive practices of torture so dangerous that they are banned in the US. Almost nothing was known of them until the 1980s, when a policy of politician Mikhail Gorbachev brought many secrets to light. They are still active today. French GIGN The French GIGN, stands for the National Gendarmerie Intervention Group, and is a special unit of the national French police. They are the most prestigious group of law enforcement. Their primary job is performing counter-terrorism missions and surveillance of threats to the country and government. They work worldwide but are based from France. The combat levels of the members are notoriously high. Many believe they are the best counter-terrorism unit globally. Their training regime spans 14 months and is infamous for its brutality. Classes include handling weapons, survival training and diving. Very few recruits complete it.
Rapid developments in robotics mean that we are looking at a reality where everything from cleaning your home to medical procedures can be performed by robots. This growth causes fear for many surrounding the eradication of jobs as robots can do some tasks more efficiently and accurately than humans. While it is true that many low-skill jobs could be taken over by machinery, it now seems that more complex procedures such as surgeries could be assigned to automation. Yet there are positives to robotics, as there so much it can assist us with and make easier in our lives. Here we will take a look at the most recent advances in the field of robotics.   The DaVinci Surgical System Brilliant minds today have used the ever expanding range of technology at our hands to develop robotics that specialise in the medical field. They have created a range of AI that can take a person’s pulse, assess their vitals, read case notes and now it is predicted that in the future robots will perform surgical procedures. They will ease the pressure and demand on doctors and nurses in the healthcare system today. Patients will be seen to quicker, and of course complex cases with high risk will be handled by a human doctor. The daVinci machine is a new instrument which is controlled by a surgeon at all times and makes incisions to the body with expert precision. This level of accuracy minimises risk of bleeding occurring and infection from happening. It is a staple in many theatres worldwide and has been in use for almost two decades. It is continually being worked on and improved. Soft Exosuit Everyday new discoveries occur and technology advances. The exosuit is one such robotic advancement. It is a suit that the user can wear to help build their muscular strength. This is aimed particularly towards elderly people and those with bodily impairments such as MS or Parkinson’s disease. The suit is light, stretchy and aids the user’s balance and bodily strength when walking or performing physical tasks. The suit is personalised to the user, so the wearer can modify it to suit their needs. It will take a while before it is in regular use and available to purchase, but is exciting to watch mature in production as it comes to fruition.   PARO Therapeutic Robot There is extensive research that cements the idea that children with mental issues respond brilliantly to animal therapy. Of course, this presents some issues when dealing with live animals such as infections or animal behavioural problems. The PARO robotics are manufactured to look like baby seals and eliminates this problem, as their cute look and sense of realism allow children to form a real connection with the robot. They can interact with it as if it was a live animal. These robots are programmed to imitate animal’s behaviour, such as blinking, recognising their name and can also express different moods and reactions based on the child’s behaviour towards them. It is truly impressive programming that is making a huge difference in many children’s lives. Companion Robots These robots may seem less advanced than other counterparts, but they are manufactured with complex and intricate internal systems to provide many functions for the user. They use cutting-edge technology to recognise speech and turn that into coding that the robot processes and then gives the correct response. They have become increasingly popular with elderly people and invalids alike to provide company, support and perform basic tasks that the owner may have trouble with. If the user has a fall or becomes ill, the robot will contact an ambulance and any emergency contacts. These robots are true lifesavers, and give a form of independence back to the user. The BUDDY companion robot recently won 2018 Best of Innovation Award, and we can expect these to become a household name in future decades.